Author Archives | Mary Finn

Ta-Nehisi Coates & James Baldwin’s Influence

Are you planning to join us for class on James Baldwin’s The Fire Next Time ( Thurs, Jan. 21 from 7:00-8:30 PM at the Women’s Building)? If you haven’t signed up, we still have 3 spots left. Sign up today.

James Baldwin’s influence on modern American writers can’t be understated. Journalist, author, and 2015 MacArthur Fellow (“genius prize”) Ta-Nehisi Coates credits Baldwin among his most significant literary influences. Readers will find strong connections in style and substance between Coates’ recent work Between the World and Me and Baldwin’s The Fire Next Time.

Baldwin’s influence on Coates is described in the recent Atlantic article, James Baldwin and Ta-Nehisi Coates: Baldwin’s Heir?  In the article, professor and author Dr. Eric Michael Dyson argues:

The James Baldwin comparison has got up the dander of the wooly madcap set; renunciations abound. Is it bad to want to be like Baldwin? When you want to be great why not emulate the greatest? LeBron wants to be greater than Jordan and Kobe? Beautiful, we’re the beneficiaries of the effort. Serena wants to cast her name beyond any other in tennis; Steffi who? Bravo. Kendrick Lamar wants us to mention his name with Nas and Jay Z? Pimp your butterfly. Coates wants to sing with Baldwin in the choir of black eloquence, and that’s a problem? That level of literary ambition is a good thing, or else what’s a prose heaven for? Coates did a daring thing: He took Baldwin’s conceit from the first and briefest section of The Fire Next Time, a letter penned to his nephew, waged a bet that the American public could absorb even more of the epistolary device, and wrote a book-length essay to his son. Recognize his risk; credit his chutzpah; applaud his intuition.

Other’s disagree.

Vinson Cunningham writes in his New York Magazine article Why Ta-Nehisi Coates Isn’t James Baldwin

There’s much beyond this brand of public relations to link Between the World and Meand The Fire Next Time — after all, the books share a perennially important theme: the abiding problem of the color line, and the cost of that problem to black and white Americans alike. But the differences between the two (leaving aside any tedious descent into which is better, a conversation better left to some middlebrow barbershop) are actually more revealing than the similarities. Despite Coates’s stated desire to write in Baldwin’s inimitable “way,” the two men actually deploy opposing styles — Coates the rapper, Baldwin the reverend — in a manner that has something to tell us about how the rhetoric and attitude of the fight for freedom have changed in the last 50 years.

We highly suggest reading both Baldwin and Coates to deepen understanding about Baldwin’s influence and come to your own conclusions.

David Bowie: Top 100 formative books (* James Baldwin’s Fire Next Time tops the list)

David Bowie’s Top 100 Formative Books

Join us for class on Thursday, Jan. 21 from 7:00-8:30 as we discuss James Baldwin’s Fire Next Time and sample craft beers from NY in honor of the author’s connection to the city.

Bowie counts Baldwin as one of his favorites. Will you?

In memory of David Bowie and his prolific and eclectic reading habit:

Though one of his songs is titled “I Can’t Read“, David Bowie was actually quite the voracious reader. In 2013, he posted a list of his top 100 favorite reads on his Facebook page and we’re glad he did—Bowie’s list of favorites is diverse and eclectic, ranging from poetry to comics to the kind of trippy reads you’d expect Ziggy Stardust to dig. In memory of one of the world’s most iconic artists, put on some David Bowie tunes and crack the spine of one of the books that helped shape the legendary musician.

David Bowie’s Top 100 Reads:

  1. Interviews With Francis Bacon by David Sylvester
  2. Billy Liar by Keith Waterhouse
  3. Room At The Top by John Braine
  4. On Having No Head by Douglass Harding
  5. Kafka Was The Rage by Anatole Broyard
  6. A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess
  7. City Of Night by John Rechy
  8. The Brief Wondrous Life Of Oscar Wao by Junot Diaz
  9. Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert
  10. Iliad by Homer
  11. As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner
  12. Tadanori Yokoo by Tadanori Yokoo
  13. Berlin Alexanderplatz by Alfred Döblin
  14. Inside The Whale And Other Essays by George Orwell
  15. Mr. Norris Changes Trains by Christopher Isherwood
  16. Halls Dictionary Of Subjects And Symbols In Art by James A. Hall
  17. David Bomberg by Richard Cork
  18. Blast by Wyndham Lewis
  19. Passing by Nella Larson
  20. Beyond The Brillo Box by Arthur C. Danto
  21. The Origin Of Consciousness In The Breakdown Of The Bicameral Mind by Julian Jaynes
  22. In Bluebeard’s Castle by George Steiner
  23. Hawksmoor by Peter Ackroyd
  24. The Divided Self by R. D. Laing
  25. The Stranger by Albert Camus
  26. Infants Of The Spring by Wallace Thurman
  27. The Quest For Christa T by Christa Wolf
  28. The Songlines by Bruce Chatwin
  29. Nights At The Circus by Angela Carter
  30. The Master And Margarita by Mikhail Bulgakov
  31. The Prime Of Miss Jean Brodie by Muriel Spark
  32. Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov
  33. Herzog by Saul Bellow
  34. Puckoon by Spike Milligan
  35. Black Boy by Richard Wright
  36. The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald
  37. The Sailor Who Fell From Grace With The Sea by Yukio Mishima
  38. Darkness At Noon by Arthur Koestler
  39. The Waste Land by T.S. Elliot
  40. McTeague by Frank Norris
  41. Money by Martin Amis
  42. The Outsider by Colin Wilson
  43. Strange People by Frank Edwards
  44. English Journey by J.B. Priestley
  45. A Confederacy Of Dunces by John Kennedy Toole
  46. The Day Of The Locust by Nathanael West
  47. 1984 by George Orwell
  48. The Life And Times Of Little Richard by Charles White
  49. Awopbopaloobop Alopbamboom: The Golden Age of Rock by Nik Cohn
  50. Mystery Train by Greil Marcus
  51. Beano (comic, ’50s)
  52. Raw (comic, ’80s)
  53. White Noise by Don DeLillo
  54. Sweet Soul Music: Rhythm And Blues And The Southern Dream Of Freedom by Peter Guralnick
  55. Silence: Lectures And Writing by John Cage
  56. Writers At Work: The Paris Review Interviews edited by Malcolm Cowley
  57. The Sound Of The City: The Rise Of Rock And Roll by Charlie Gillete
  58. Octobriana And The Russian Underground by Peter Sadecky
  59. The Street by Ann Petry
  60. Wonder Boys by Michael Chabon
  61. Last Exit To Brooklyn By Hubert Selby, Jr.
  62. A People’s History Of The United States by Howard Zinn
  63. The Age Of American Unreason by Susan Jacoby
  64. Metropolitan Life by Fran Lebowitz
  65. The Coast Of Utopia by Tom Stoppard
  66. The Bridge by Hart Crane
  67. All The Emperor’s Horses by David Kidd
  68. Fingersmith by Sarah Waters
  69. Earthly Powers by Anthony Burgess
  70. The 42nd Parallel by John Dos Passos
  71. Tales Of Beatnik Glory by Ed Saunders
  72. The Bird Artist by Howard Norman
  73. Nowhere To Run The Story Of Soul Music by Gerri Hirshey
  74. Before The Deluge by Otto Friedrich
  75. Sexual Personae: Art And Decadence From Nefertiti To Emily Dickinson by Camille Paglia
  76. The American Way Of Death by Jessica Mitford
  77. In Cold Blood by Truman Capote
  78. Lady Chatterly’s Lover by D.H. Lawrence
  79. Teenage by Jon Savage
  80. Vile Bodies by Evelyn Waugh
  81. The Hidden Persuaders by Vance Packard
  82. The Fire Next Time by James Baldwin
  83. Viz (comic, early ’80s)
  84. Private Eye (satirical magazine, ’60s – ’80s)
  85. Selected Poems by Frank O’Hara
  86. The Trial Of Henry Kissinger by Christopher Hitchens
  87. Flaubert’s Parrot by Julian Barnes
  88. Maldoror by Comte de Lautréamont
  89. On The Road by Jack Kerouac
  90. Mr. Wilson’s Cabinet of Wonder by Lawrence Weschler
  91. Zanoni by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
  92. Transcendental Magic, Its Doctrine and Ritual by Eliphas Lévi
  93. The Gnostic Gospels by Elaine Pagels
  94. The Leopard by Giusseppe Di Lampedusa
  95. Inferno by Dante Alighieri
  96. A Grave For A Dolphin by Alberto Denti di Pirajno
  97. The Insult by Rupert Thomson
  98. In Between The Sheets by Ian McEwan
  99. A People’s Tragedy by Orlando Figes
  100. Journey Into The Whirlwind by Eugenia Ginzburg

by Lauren Weiss, NYPL, January 11, 2016

Hello, Old Friend, Time to Read You Again

On the fresh pleasures and insights that can come from revisiting a favorite book. 

Dec. 15, 2015, Wall Street Journal

…So too, the most familiar books reveal more about themselves when we attend to them anew. And our growing experience allows us to approach our favorites from different angles. In a sense, rereading the same book produces new insights because the reader is a different person. Indeed, a good book is very much like a mirror: The glass is the same year after year, but the reflection in it changes over time.

Don’t pay any attention if your conscience tries to make you feel guilty for taking the time to reread a favorite book this winter. It is more fruitful and satisfying to read one good book well than a thousand poorly. And the best books cannot be read well without rereading.

Read the entire opinion piece here.

Alliance for Liberal Learning: Revival and Renewal of Adult Liberal Learning

This weekend members of the Polis team attended the first ever conference sponsored by the Alliance for Liberal Learning. The conference was an incredible opportunity for leaders of more than 70 organizations to meet, discuss the state and future of liberal learning, and hear about the challenges and opportunities in the liberal learning community nationwide.

The ALL conference accomplished the following:

  • Brought together representatives from key organizations advancing liberal learning
  • Increased awareness and understanding of member organizations’ missions and activities
  • Facilitated collaborations and partnerships
  • Provided professional learning and networking opportunities
  • Formulated outreach initiatives and plans for media and public relations advocating liberal learning
  • Set goals and directions for the future work of ALL

In addition these important accomplishments members also had time to socialize at a group reception and dinner.afll-logo-1

Three inspiring and informative keynote addresses were given by Eva Braun and Christopher Nelson of St. John’s College and Todd Breyfogle of the Aspen Institute.

The titles of the talks capture the wide range of the conference topics:

Mary Finn, founder and director of Polis, participated in a panel discussion titled,”Expanding the Audience: Great Books Outside the Traditional Seminar Room”. The panel discussed the growing recognition of the need for liberal learning opportunities in the community and the challenges of sustaining programs that provide seminar-style, inquiry based discussion.

Eva Braun giving her talk tiled, "Are There Adults?"

Eva Braun giving her talk tiled, “Are There Adults?”

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Polis represented on the panel, “Expanding the Audience”

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Thomas Krause, founder of ALL, introducing Eva Braun

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Mary Finn (Polis) and Mark Cwik (ALL) participated in a panel on expanding the adult audience for liberal learning.

Reclaiming Conversation

imgresCheck out this recent NYT article about Sherry Turkle’s new book “Reclaiming Conversation“.  Turkle makes a compelling case for face to face conversation in the digital age.

Conversation is Turkle’s organizing principle because so much of what constitutes humanity is threatened when we replace it with electronic communication. Conversation presupposes solitude, for example, because it’s in solitude that we learn to think for ourselves and develop a stable sense of self, which is essential for taking other people as they are. (If we’re unable to be separated from our smartphones, Turkle says, we consume other people “in bits and pieces; it is as though we use them as spare parts to support our fragile selves.”) Through the conversational attention of parents, children acquire a sense of enduring connectedness and a habit of talking about their feelings, rather than simply acting on them. (Turkle believes that regular family conversations help “inoculate” children against bullying.) When you speak to people in person, you’re forced to recognize their full human reality, which is where empathy begins. (A recent study shows a steep decline in empathy, as measured by standard psychological tests, among college students of the smartphone generation.) And conversation carries the risk of boredom, the condition that smartphones have taught us most to fear, which is also the condition in which patience and imagination are developed. –NYT Sept. 28, 2015

The Seattle Times summarizes Turkle’s research on the importance (and loss) of conversation in our lives:

Smartphones are ruining relationships. If you don’t agree, read Sherry Turkle’s “Reclaiming Conversation: The Power of Talk in a Digital” Age and you’ll begin to see the corrosive impact on human communication lurking in your handheld device.

Turkle offers example after example of how digital communication has altered not just the way we convey information, but the emotional context as well. – Seattle Times, Oct. 11, 2015

Sherry Turkle’s advice on how to cultivate conversation in our overly digital world can be found in her interview with the Atlantic Magazine:

Turkle’s prescriptions: Carve out “sacred spaces” for conversation in day-to-day life—no devices at the dinner table, study and lounge spaces that are wi-fi free. Abandon the myth of multitasking for good—it is neither efficient nor conducive to empathy, she says—and instead embrace “unitasking,” one thing at a time. Resist the urge to see the smartphone as the universal tool that should replace everything. -The Atlantic, Oct. 2015

Do you want to find way for more conversation in your life?

Consider joining a Polis class to increase your opportunities for in-person conversation.

Polis Becomes a Member of the Alliance for Liberal Learning

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THE ALLIANCE FOR LIBERAL LEARNING promotes and supports conversations about great works and ideas. The organization’s members believe in the enduring value of lifelong liberal learning, which prepares us to live freely and well.

Who Is the Alliance for Liberal Learning?

The Alliance for Liberal Learning (ALL) is an exciting new initiative that brings together North America’s leading institutions and individuals dedicated to advancing liberal education as a lifelong endeavor.

The organizations in the ALL network are leaders in Socratic learning, inquiry- and discussion-based learning, classical education, core text and Great Books programs across the spectrum of elementary, secondary, college, adult continuing education and informal adult learning. They share a belief in the profound and lasting benefits that a liberal education brings to our educational, civic and personal well-being.

Polis is thrilled to be a new member of this vibrant, national community of educators, college administrators, and non-profit founders who are committed to maintaining a presence for the liberal arts and engaging conversation in their communities.

ALL works to increase public awareness, understanding and appreciation for lifelong liberal education. We provide professional learning and networking opportunities, and we facilitate partnerships and collaborations among ALL network organizations.

Inaugural Conference in Chicago on Nov 5-7, 2015:

Polis organizers will participate in the first ever ALL conference in Chicago, IL on Nov. 5-7, 2015. All are welcome to attend what is sure to be an engaging series of discussions and workshops. Register here. 

Visit our Events page to attend one of the many public programs hosted by liberal learning organizations!

The Secret of Good Humanities Teaching

What’s considered good humanities teaching?

Check out this recent article from the Chronicle or Higher Ed to find out.

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Polis Selected As Spotlight Small Business of the Month

San Francisco Office of Small Business Selects Polis as March 2014 "Spotlight Business"

San Francisco Office of Small Business Selects Polis as March 2014 “Spotlight Business”

Polis Founder, Mary Finn

Polis Founder and Director, Mary Finn

San Francisco’s Office of Small Business Selects Polis as Spotlight Business of the Month

March 2014
OSB client Mary Finn recently visited the Office of Small Business for assistance with her business start-up. Mary sits down with us for our March “Client Spotlight”…

 

Q: What type of business do you own and what makes you unique?

A: Your life is busy, but is it full?  The idea for Polis started with this simple but provocative question.  We believe that a vibrant adult community and an active life of the mind are the ingredients of a life well lived. Yet, it can be difficult for the busy adult to find the time and space to cultivate community and dive deeply into learning something new.

Polis is in the business of intentionally building a thriving adult community in San Francisco through high-quality education experiences designed for the busy adult. We offer seminar style classes focused on a wide variety of works of literature, art, science, history, and philosophy. We seek to make engaging with the liberal arts and sciences fun, easy, and flexible.

Our instructors are experts in their fields but they are, first and foremost, expert teachers and facilitators. All Polis courses meet from 7:00-8:30 PM, our classes are centrally located in the Mission District close to BART and MUNI, and we offer one time classes as well as multi-session courses. Polis courses are inexpensive and accessible to adults from all walks of life and education backgrounds.  Best of all, at Polis there are no tests or papers due!

Q: How was the Office of Small Business involved in assisting you?

A:  I am so fortunate that I found the Office of Small Business just as I was starting Polis.  I have taken advantage of so many of the services that the Office suggested for me as a new small business owner.  Specifically, I have taken courses and sought one- on-one advice from the SF SCORE program, I have consulted the Legal Services for Entrepreneurs, and I was accepted as a client into the SBDC small business coaching program. Through the SBDC coaching program I have the ongoing opportunity to work with a business development coach who has helped me to make decisions about the direction of the business along the way. I have benefitted tremendously from the support I have received and I am so thankful to the Office of Small Business for the advice and recommendations for services.

Q: Top 3 reasons for being a small business owner in SF?

1) Unlimited opportunity for creativity

2) Polis is a community-focused business and as a resident of San Francisco it is important to me that the business be rooted where I live and work.

3) When I created Polis I set out to “scratch an itch”. I could not find a business in San Francisco that was able to fulfill my needs for both in-person community and meaningful, high-quality, accessible learning opportunities in the liberal arts and sciences. I created Polis to build the type of community that I want to be a part of in San Francisco.

Polis courses are held at BART accessible locations throughout San Francisco. The majority of classes are held at the Women’s Building located at 3543 18th St., San Francisco.

(202) 746-8807 | https://sfpolis.com/

 

Happy Valentine’s Day, Book Lovers!

Happy Valentine’s Day, Book Lovers!

Last night at Polis we had a lively class on two love poems by William Carlos Williams (accompanied by a delicious selection of dessert beers from our friends at Healthy Spirits beer store).  In a nod to Valentine’s Day, our class was co-lead by two “scholars in love”.  At the start of the class Anton and Inga shared with the group that they read the William Carlos Williams poem “Asphodel, That Greeny Flower” at their wedding ceremony. The group of 13 students jumped into analyzing and discussing that poem as well as “The Ivy Crown“.  Class participants grappled with topics ranging from forgiveness and love, old love vs. young love, and male pronouncements of love vs. those of women. Together, we looked to the poems to help us to better understand the various textures and shapes that love can take in a lifetime.

Last night, a student shared with the group:

I am here in class tonight because I want to know how to better read and understand poetry. I also want to know how to better understand love!”.

In “Asphodel, That Greeny Flower“, William Carlos Williams wrote :

I have learned much in my life from books and out of them about love.”

Books can provide us with examples of how to live in love. They also provide us with many examples of love gone bad!

On this Valentine’s Day, we wanted to share a brief and whimsical list of books, writings, and resources on the notion of love.

Enjoy (and eat some chocolate today— you deserve it!)

On Love…

From our friends at Brainpickings: “Modern Love: History’s Most Beautiful and Timelessly Bewitching LGBTQ Love Letters”

 And “Why We Love Books: 5 Books on The Psychology of Love

Check out this hilarious (and informative!) blog about an intimate life lived with books: Books Are My Boyfriends

The San Francisco Public Library has a terrific blog dedicated exclusively to the main library’s 6th Floor (the SF History Center). The Valentine’s edition of  the blog features an incredible photo from the archives. Check it out!

The Telegraph has a wonderful article in today’s paper titled, “Valentine’s Day Poems” in case you are in need for a last minutes poem for your loved one.

 

 

 

Time Magazine names it’s Top Ten Romantic Books of All Time

 

 

Sign Up for a Polis Class…

We are excited to announce our early Spring 2014 course offerings.

Check back on Monday 2/17 to find out what we’ve got in store for March and April!

How Long Have I Got Left?

What does it mean to contemplate death? Does thinking about death help us to live more fully? Can we ever really be prepared for the eventuality of death? What does it mean to live a good life knowing that our days are numbered?

Polis students asked these (and other) questions in our fall courses on Joyce’sThe Dead”, Montaigne’s essays, and Tolstoy’s, “The Death Of Ivan Ilych”.

Unintentionally, each of the  texts in our fall Polis courses has death as a theme.  Who would have thought that it could actually be enjoyable to sit at a seminar table with a group of strangers and dig deeply into questions about mortality? The craft beer selections certainly helped to make the atmosphere a little bit more festive in the midst of these otherwise weighty themes!

Discussing literature and philosophy can serve an important role in our lives. Dialogue about big ideas can be a catalyst for reflection about living  in the face of an acknowledgment of mortality.

Living a Full Life. How Should We Spend Our Time?

This Sunday’s New York Times included a thought-provoking Opinion piece about what it means to live with an acceptance of death. The author, a 36-year-old neurosurgeon at Stanford was recently diagnosed with lung cancer. He contemplates what it means to live his life with the certainty that he is going to die but the continuing uncertainty of when.

The author’s first and most persistent question upon learning his diagnosis is rooted in a deep desire to know, “How long do I have left?”. Somehow, he thought, knowing an answer to this question would give him a rudder about how to live well.

The author considers his choices for how to spend his time:

In a way, though, the certainty of death was easier than this uncertain life. Didn’t those in purgatory prefer to go to hell, and just be done with it? Was I supposed to be making funeral arrangements? Devoting myself to my wife, my parents, my brothers, my friends, my adorable niece? Writing the book I had always wanted to write? Or was I supposed to go back to negotiating my multiyear job offers?

He struggles with and works to elucidate his sense of “acuteness” in knowing that he is going to die.

I began to realize that coming face to face with my own mortality, in a sense, had changed both nothing and everything. Before my cancer was diagnosed, I knew that someday I would die, but I didn’t know when. After the diagnosis, I knew that someday I would die, but I didn’t know when. But now I knew it acutely. The problem wasn’t really a scientific one. The fact of death is unsettling. Yet there is no other way to live.

The author’s courage to publicly grapple with his feelings about his own mortality is commendable. The piece brings readers into contact with so many of the themes about living and dying that arose in our Polis classes last semester.

How Can Literature and Philosophy Guide Us?

In Montaigne’s essay, “To Philosophize is to Learn How to Die”  the author challenges his reader:

Wherever your life ends, it is all there. The utility of living consists not in the length of days, but in the use of time; a man may have lived long, and yet lived but a little. Make use of time while it is present with you. It depends upon your will, and not upon the number of days, to have a sufficient length of life. Is it possible you can imagine never to arrive at the place towards which you are continually going? and yet there is no journey but hath its end. And, if company will make it more pleasant or more easy to you, does not all the world go the self-same way? Does not all the world dance the same brawl that you do? Is there anything that does not grow old, as well as you? A thousand men, a thousand animals, a thousand other creatures, die at the same moment that you die.

The group discussion in our Montaigne class was focused primarily on what Montaigne meant by “living long, and yet lived but a little”.

How can we live a full and meaningful life despite it’s length?

In the short story, “The Dead”, James Joyce’s characters present a variety of ways to live in the shadow of the knowledge that we are going to die.

Joyce describes the protagonist, Gabriel Conroy’s, inner battle to accept the realities of his past:

He watched the scene and thought of life; and (as always happened when he thought of life) he became sad. A gentle melancholy took possession of him. He felt how useless it was to struggle against fortune, this being the burden of wisdom which the ages had bequeathed him.

Polis students askedCan we have a meaningful life even if we are “struggling against fortune”?  How much of life is ours to control and how much is beyond our reach?

In the “Death of Ivan Ilych”, Ivan is forced to reckon with his imminent mortality with a recognition that he has not lived the type of life he could have because he was too focused on the “ought’s” and “should’s” of other people’s expectations. Tolstoy writes:

Maybe I did not live as I ought to have done,’ it suddenly occurred to him. ‘But how could that be, when I did everything properly?’ he replied, and immediately dismissed from his mind this, the sole solution of all the riddles of life and death, as something quite impossible.”

During the discussion of  Tolstoy’s work, a Polis student asked,I get it–he lived a life according to other’s expectations–but what is it that he would have done differently? What could have made Ivan feel that he had lived a full and good life as he lay on his death bed?”

Diving deeply into literature and philosophy won’t help us to find THE answer to questions about the good life and  an acceptance of death but discussions like those at Polis can help us to stop, briefly, on the treadmill of our daily routine and ask, “Am I living as I want to? Am I living as fully as I could? Am I adding meaning to my life and the lives of others?”

The philosopher Anaïs Nin writes: “There is not one big cosmic meaning for all; there is only the meaning we each give to our life, an individual meaning, an individual plot, like an individual novel, a book for each person.” – The Diary of Anaïs Nin, Vol. 1: 1931-1934

Our life as an individual novel, a book for each person.

Join us for a Polis class in February. Meet interesting new people, read something you’ve always meant to, and chew on the big questions of life.

 

Interested in Reading More?

I Do Not Fear Death“, Roger EbertSalon,Sept. 15, 2011

Living Well, According to Some of  the Wisest People Who Ever Lived“,Carolyn Gregoire, Huffington Post,Aug. 28, 2013

Anais Nin on the Elusive Nature of Joy“,Maria Popova, Brainpickings, Nov. 12, 2013

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